The Internet of Things (IoT) is the next evolution of the internet which will enable physical world objects like appliances, smartphones, cars and various machines to connect to the internet and will usher an era of machine-to-machine communications (M2M) devices that will interact with humans. In the twenty first century, smart homes is dream come true as it includes automatic controlling and monitoring of mechanical, electrical and electronic systems. It can control overall lighting, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, security & safety, communication and much more. All home appliances, home security systems, thermostats will become “intelligent”. For example, a fridge will be able to tell the homeowner what to get from the grocery store via message to their smartphone.   

In this era of technology, we want our cell phones, tablets, laptops and even our watches to be connected. Nevertheless, the next great platform is regarding connecting everything in a house — from lights and windows to coffee machines and even slow cookers! The Internet of Things is the catch-all phrase used to discuss a vast array of various now-connected objects that may or may not want to talk to one another. That is the sole reason of launching Apple’s HomeKit and Google’s Brillo and Weave; everyone wants to own that common language for your light bulbs.

Devised by Apple’s ex-engineers, Nest Labs burgeon products targeted to bring Big Data and IoT in our houses by means of its smart thermostats, fire alarms and security cameras.

The company was bought out by Google last year for $3.2 billion, keeping its products as central to the inexorable drive towards smart homes with connected data systems that are designed to make our lives more comfortable, while simultaneously cutting down on wasted energy.



This is all practicable because of Big Data and analytics – the devices utilize algorithms in the software to monitor and record how they are used, building up a profile which enables them to perspicaciously set themselves. It has been demonstrated to be an affluent model and the products have sold well since the first Nest thermostat was released in 2011. Now with the launch of its latest products, the Nest Protect smoke alarm system and the Nest Cam home surveillance camera, it is aiming to not only save lives but make us protected as well.

To receive the thermostat data from all of its users, then by uploading and juxtaposing it can derive accurate pictures of energy use across communities around the world. Nonetheless while dealing with data as personal as information about one’s home; the importance of perpetuating customers’ privacy can’t be trivialized. Lionel Paillet who is Nest’s General Manager for Europe elaborated how fundamental this is to the operations of company. Paillet also explained that the prominence on building “Jetsons home”, something he and CEO Tony Fadell refer to as. When we think of the houses of the future; the robotic all-singing, all dancing homes we picture is outmoded before it has even accordingly materialized. He states, “Trust is absolutely fundamental to everything we do – particularly in the home, which is sacred, psychologically – it is probably the place that is most private to you on Earth. So the notion of user trust has been a guiding principle in everything we have done”.

“What we are interested in is the ‘thoughtful home’. Yesterday I used a switch to operate devices in my home. Today I can use my smart phone. But does that really make my life any better? The home has to be thoughtful and understand your habits.”

Nest has long shown itself to be keen to be involved in the energy industry and it’s no surprise that Google was interested in Nest. Google Energy, its subsidiary manages colossal finance in the generation of renewable energy. Google EnergySense and Power Meter, the previous products strived to effectuate parallel benefits to those made by Nest. The Atlantic Wind Connection project, which aims to build an “open” undersea cable infrastructure which wind turbine operators can use to transfer their energy to on-shore grids, is copiously financing it.

All of this is a segment of the existing march of the Internet of Things into our lives. The IoT is established around the premise that more and more devices will become linked and interactive with each other – hence an internet consisting up of things, rather than just people and computers. They can get on by interplaying in this way with the advanced analytical tasks they are suited for at super-fast speeds with minimal need for manual human involvement.

All of this fastens in with what is indubitably Google’s plan to get better at providing the services we need, when we require them. It is evident that behind the smart homes of the future, it anticipates its amenities to be the powerhouse. Google is making sure that Nest’s products as some of the pioneering building blocks behind the operating system that we will use to interact with those homes.

Nest ensures its products connect and communicate with each other as a first step. For instance, when the Nest Thermostat is set to ‘Away’, this can automatically switch on the Nest Cam, and switch it off once you’re back home. The  motto, however, is to have several other devices connect with it, such as the smart wristband that monitors the sleep and can tell the thermostat that you have woken up early or your car that will communicate information about the time you are estimated to arrive at home.

Smart homes or the automation of the homes, housework or household activity can be a boon for the elderly and disabled. It can provide increased quality of life for persons who might otherwise require caregivers or institutional care. The popularity of home automation has been increasing greatly in recent years due to much higher affordability and simplicity through Smartphone and tablet connectivity. Thus, the concept of the Internet of Things has tied in closely with the popularization of home automation.

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